Views: 118 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-08-10 Origin: Site
The folding spine board (also called double backbone board) is a long, narrow surface that serves as a base to hold the spine of a patient.
The folding spine board is made of fiberglass or fiberglass-reinforced plastic. The main advantage of this kind of material is that it can be easily folded and molded into any shape. It can be used to hold the spine and protect it from damage.
In addition, the structure and characteristics of pivot at the fold are similar to those of the original material of folding spine board,so that it can also be used as an extra support for the original material.
To save space and weight, many manufacturers choose to use folding spine boards. This kind of folding spine board is foldable. When folded, it will save space, and when not used, you can fold it to conserve space.
We want to introduce to you a more practical folding spine board. If you are not familiar with folding spine board, then let's go through this process.
When choosing a stable stackable spine board, put lightness first. If there is a relative weight during the whole wearing process, it will put a certain burden on the patient. Therefore, when choosing, be sure to see if it is relatively light. As long as it is relatively light, and it is convenient, and simple to use, a spine board like this can be used. Certainly, patients generally need to protect their spine for a long time after using this kind of spine board. Generally, the protection time will reach about three months.
Some medical devices have a bad smell in the process of use, and some medical devices like this are not selectable. As a patient, when choosing a spine board, you also need to smell if there is an unpleasant smell. If there is an unpleasant smell, you cannot choose it. In particular, some unpleasant smells that are harmful to the human body, such as formaldehyde, including benzene, often cause harm to the patient's body, and after wearing it, they also feel uncomfortable in terms of mood due to their heavy taste.
Some spine boards are relatively thick, so they are relatively clumsy after wearing them. Especially patients like some patients whose spine itself is not too damaged and can sneak around everywhere should choose some relatively thin spine boards, so that after putting on a coat, they don't look very bloated, and can even do some minor things. Plus, the thinner spine board is relatively light and comfortable to wear.
The spine board is actually a very simple tool to say the least, mainly after the injury of the injured person, can be transported through the spine board. Sometimes patients who can not get up, car accidents live high school fall after some injuries, then the patient must be transported through the spine board, can not be rashly carried directly to the patient, because if the bones are damaged to, then the random handling may cause more serious bone damage. Not only that, but it is also necessary to find a reliable manufacturer of spine boards among the many China folding spine board manufacturers.
Generally speaking, the vast majority of materials used by China folding spine board manufacturers nowadays are the more popular PE, because this material is non-toxic and does not pollute the environment, nor does it release any material. The key is that the material is very hard and durable. It can be used for a long time without damage, in addition, because if the spine is injured patients, many times can not be dragged at will, so want to check the exact wound site is more trouble, but this material can be viewed directly through the X-ray, it avoids a wide range of moving.
China folding spine board manufacturer produces the spine board need to have a safety belt, generally there are six different colors of the safety belt fixed in the back of the board, to ensure patient safety, the safety belt is generally the width of 5cm. And the safety belts are all self-adhesive tape adjustments, so they can be properly adjusted according to the patient's size. And now in order to facilitate placement, but also often foldable, so that placed in the ambulance will also not take up space, in the time of handling will also be more relaxed.
As the name implies, the spine board is to carry the patient, so why will need to use this spine board? Because the spine is a very important bone in our body, is the central axis of the bone, with support, movement, protection and nerve conduction four functions. Our skull, torso and limb bones are all connected to the spine. And can do all kinds of movement, can flexion and extension, rotation, etc., but also because of these functions can do some shock cushioning role, to protect the internal organs of the body, and all of our limb coordination and sensation is through the spine for neuronal transmission.
The reason why you should choose a big brand Chinese foldable spine board manufacturer is that although there are more manufacturers doing spine boards, all spine board materials, any innovation is carried out through the improvement of the big brands. Many other brands follow the way, rather than really develop their own, so the use of spine board is often more outdated. Some small brands will even use ordinary plastic to replace the PE material, the result is easily broken, leading to aggravation of the patient's condition.
In fact, there are now many varieties of spine board, some spine board in order to rescue patients in the water, the use of suspended mode. Some need to focus on the fixation of the head, the use of the installation of fixed skull on one side of the device, there can be folded spine board, can be two-fold, can also be a single fold. It is also important to choose according to your needs. After all, the different sectors of assistance, the different objects of assistance, the need to have different options, so the variety will be able to have a targeted selection.
A spinal fracture caused by trauma is a more serious type of trauma because whether it is a fracture of the cervical spine, thoracic or lumbar spine, it is easy to cause spinal cord injuries in the vertebrae. Once the spinal cord is injured, it will cause lower-limb paralysis. Therefore, when a spinal fracture occurs, whether a spinal cord injury has been caused, you need to fix your body and spine with a spine board as soon as possible, so that secondary damage can be avoided.
Site assessment: After observing the safety of the surrounding environment, the first aider should approach the injured person head-on and identify himself or herself; tell the injured person not to make any movement, make a preliminary judgment of the injury and briefly explain the purpose of first aid; stabilize himself or herself first and then fix the injured person to avoid aggravating the spinal injury.
Position: supine position, head, neck, trunk and pelvis should be in a central straight position, the spine should not be flexed or twisted.
Operation method: use a spinal board, stretcher, etc. Three people to the same side of the patient kneeling inserted, while lifting, change single leg, stand up, carry, change single leg, kneeling, change double leg while applying the flat support method to put the patient on a rigid stretcher, disable cradling or one person to carry the head, one person to carry the foot carrying method, pad a thin pillow at the injury, so that the spine here slightly upward, and then use four straps to fix the casualty on a wooden board or rigid stretcher (generally with straps to fix the chest and humerus level, the forearm and waist level, thigh level, calf level, and tie the casualty to a rigid stretcher), so that the casualty cannot turn from side to side. If there is a cervical spine injury, the patient should be transported with a cervical brace to fix the neck, such as no neck brace with "head lock or shoulder lock" technique to fix the head and neck, the rest of the people coordinated force to lift the patient flat to the stretcher or board, and then the left and right sides of the head with soft pillows or clothing and other things fixed.
Monitoring and transfer: check the fixation belt, observe the patient's vital signs, choose the appropriate transfer tool, and ensure the patient's safety.
On-site assessment and judgment.
Adjust the neck position The doctor treats the injury according to the spine, and the assistant prepares a neck brace and spinal board (inform the casualty to cooperate). The doctor and the assistant cooperate; the assistant's index finger is placed in the middle of the injured person's sternum to indicate.
Check the head and neck The assistant fixes the head and neck with the head-thoracic lock, and the doctor checks the head-occipital area (cervical spine shape, pressure pain) and puts on the head lock.
Put on the neck brace The assistant checks and measures the length of the casualty's neck, adjusts the required size, and puts on the neck brace correctly.
Whole body examination to determine the injury (doctor or medical assistant) head - neck - chest - abdomen - back - external genitalia - lower limbs - upper limbs (no other injuries found) )
on the spinal board, the assistant head thoracic lock, the second assistant to prepare the spinal board and restraint belt is completed), the doctor head shoulder lock (shoulder lock on the same side of the lateral flip).
Overall lateral flip The doctor directs, the two assistants cross the injured person's shoulders, iliac and knees with their left and right hands, and turn the injured person in the axial position to the lateral position, keeping the spine in the same axis. The assistants check the back and spine.
Place the spinal board The assistant pulls the spinal board taking care to place it in the appropriate position on the back. Place the injured person in the axial position back in the supine position.
Spinal board translation (pushing) the casualty The assistant fixes the head and neck with a thoracic lock, the doctor uses a double shoulder lock, the assistant crosses the left and right hands, pushes the casualty in the supine position and pushes the casualty to the appropriate position of the spinal board.
Head fixation One assistant head thoracic lock, two assistants prepare the head fixation device, the doctor on the head fixation device.
Spinal board restraint belt fixation The assistant fixes the chest, hip, knee and ankle joints in the order of restraint belt.
Check the casualty again
Handle the casualty. The doctor directs the smooth lifting of the casualty, with the foot first and the operator on the head side, while observing the head and neck.
Preliminary judgment of the injury, the operator performs thoracic dorsal lock to stabilize the patient, one helper goes to the rear of the patient, performs head, external auditory canal, posterior cervical examination, one helper performs posterior head lock, the operator fixes the patient's shoulders, keeps the patient's upper body stable, one helper resets the patient's head to normal position.
The operator conducts a cervical examination to determine whether the patient has respiratory tract injury, and then places a cervical brace.
Placement of neck brace
Measure the length of the injured patient's neck: the thumb is perpendicular to the palm surface, the other four fingers are together and perpendicular to the patient's frontal surface, and measure the distance from the angle of the mandible to the anterior edge of the trapezius muscle.
Adjusting the neck brace and shaping it.
When placing the cervical brace, the middle curve of the brace was stuck at the patient's right shoulder and slightly tilted forward and downward, placed first at the back of the neck and then at the front of the neck, ensuring the position was centered and buckled with a moderate degree of tightness.
After the cervical brace is placed, the operator performs a full body physical examination, from top to bottom, from the trunk to the extremities.
The operator performs a thoracic dorsal lock to immobilize the patient.
The first and second assistants place the relief sleeve on the patient's back with the smooth side against the injured person's body.
After placing the center of the relief sleeve on the spinal position of the injured person, the first assistant changes the headlock.
The operator and second assistant place the movable chest protector around the casualty's torso and pull it upward slightly against the armpit.
Fasten the shoulder straps and the chest and abdomen straps to ensure that the top of the mobile chest armor is placed under the patient's axilla; the leg straps (black) are fastened from the inside out and from the bottom up around the injured person's knee, close to the groin position, threaded through the inner thigh, pulled outward and fastened.
The operator puts the neck padding in place and places the right hand behind the short spine plate to perform a thoracic dorsal lock, places the padding tightly between the neck and the extrication sleeve to ensure there is no gap, and a helper arranges the head gauntlet and to the correct position before performing a posterior head lock.
The operator places the mandibular fixation strap in the mandibular position and pulls it upward to tighten the head active armor, and the frontal fixation strap is placed in front of and behind the forehead and also pulls it downward to tighten the head active armor, paying attention to keeping the airway open.
Tighten each fixation belt from bottom to top and fix the knee and ankle with a wide band of triangular towel.
Check the tightness of all fixation straps and arrange them.
move the injured person: the operator and the second assistant on both sides of each side of the waist grip, the other hand on the injured person under the leg, the two hands clasp each other to hold on to the patient in two 45 ° move to 90 °.
use of long spine board: long spine board placed on the stretcher and the injured person's dorsal side into a straight line, stabilize the stretcher, a helper with a double shoulder lock fixed head, the operator and the second helper to raise the lower limbs first the injured person's torso flat on the long spine board, gradually move into place, moderate relaxation of the shoulder, chest, abdomen, groin fixed belt, lift the knee and ankle triangle towel, and flat on the long spine board.
Fix the injured person: fix the injured person's torso and limbs on the long spine board, fixing them in order from head to foot, fixing the head with the head fixator, fixing the chest fixation straps crosswise, fixing the leg fixation straps diagonally, and fixing the injured person with the stretcher on board. The operator checks each fixation belt from the bottom up and determines the patient's breathing condition.
EMTs raise the stretcher smoothly and carry the injured person, with the foot side first and the operator on the head side, while observing the condition of the head and neck of the injured person.
folding spine boards are one of the most used types at present. As patients in need, when choosing a folding spine board in stock, as long as they are comfortable to wear according to their needs, especially if they are comfortable to wear, and purchased through approved purchasing channels, they can be guaranteed to be more practical and allow themselves not to spend wrong money.
If you are looking to cut down on your costs, go for the folding spine board as it is lightweight, light in weight and easily transportable, and has a high degree of safety.
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