Tourniquet is a simple and practical hemostasis tool, which is currently widely used in emergency treatment of traumatic events, war injuries and daily life injuries. Failure to effectively control bleeding in time is the main cause of death in patients with curable trauma. The use of tourniquets can temporarily stop bleeding and can cope with relatively insufficient resources. The tourniquet hemostasis method is only suitable for extremities, especially for brachial and femoral artery bleeding.
We can't use ropes or wires. These things have no elasticity. Although the pressure on the local skin is relatively high, its power cannot be transmitted to the deep layer of the muscles, often strangling the local skin and failing to achieve the purpose of hemostasis. The location of the tourniquet is very important. The tourniquet should be placed on the muscle-rich parts of the limbs. The upper limbs should be placed in the upper arm. The upper 1/3, and the lower limbs should be placed at the base of the thigh near the groin. A soft cloth should be placed when the tourniquet is placed. Protect the skin. As the saying goes, details determine success or failure; at the same time, the tourniquet should be placed firmly and should not slide up and down.
The precautions for the use of tourniquets are as follows. First, when using a tourniquet to stop bleeding, the position should be placed at the proximal end of the wound, close to the wound, to the limit that can stop the bleeding, and do not need to be too tight. Generally, the bleeding should be stopped and the pulse cannot be felt at the distal end. Second, it is best not to wrap the tourniquet directly on the surface of the skin. Before using the tourniquet, you should put a cushion on it to prevent the blood band from clamping the damaged skin. Third, the tourniquet should be properly relaxed for 1 to 2 minutes every hour, and the total time of use should not exceed 4 hours to avoid long-term hypoxia. Fourth, we should always pay attention to the injured person's body temperature, pulse, bleeding, and whether there are changes in nearby blood and skin. Fifth, when using a tourniquet for the wounded, it is best to keep a record of the time of use, so that the wounded can be nursed later. Sixth, when loosening the tourniquet, the movement should not be too fast. It is best to press the wound with clean gauze in advance, and then slowly loosen the gauze from the edge. At the same time, hemostatic measures should be taken to prevent severe bleeding from the wound again.
All first-aid personnel should be trained in standardized use of tourniquets, and can only take up their posts after passing the examination. The general public should strengthen the popular science education on the use of tourniquets. The content of the education should include: tourniquet indications, tourniquet use location, tourniquet pressure, how to transport and hand over the wounded, correct understanding of the pain during tourniquet use, and hemostasis With the use of complications and other content, the most concise, the easiest to remember, and the easiest way to conduct popular education.
The aluminum alloy shovel stretcher adopts a separate rigid structure for transferring fracture and serious injury patients. The two ends are equipped with clutching devices to separate the stretcher into two parts. The aluminum alloy plates used for the stretcher are bendable by a ratio of about 1:90; therefore, even if you lose one or two plates, you can still use them as a stretcher.
The aluminum alloy scoop stretcher adopts a separate rigid structure for transferring fracture and serious injury patients. The two ends are equipped with clutching devices to separate the stretcher into two parts.
The aluminum has a very high strength-to-weight ratio, which means it is a very useful material in the construction of tools, such as scoop stretchers.
In order to help reduce fatigue at the end of the day, you can use a scoop stretcher to transfer your collapseers to a new location:
A scoop stretcher is a tool that helps you move around an area quickly and efficiently. It’s designed to help you lift objects, including people, up through narrow spaces so that they can be transferred back into their original position without complications. The scoop stretcher we are discussing here is a plastic one-person tool with metal handles which allows its user to lift objects as large as 10 kg (22 lbs) safely into place by simply pushing them up through a narrow gap.
The device comes in different sizes and shapes. However, there are only two different designs: one for one person with limited space and another for the transfer of several people at once (so-called “group stretchers”). While both designs have their advantages, the latter has more practical advantages such as its use in hospitals, military organizations or disaster relief operations by dozens or even hundreds of people simultaneously:
Oxygen concentrator’s main advantage is that it does not require oxygen storage equipment and fixed oxygen supply. During use, especially when continuous oxygen supply is required, the cost is low, which is suitable for people who continue to inhale oxygen, especially families. Oxygen therapy is more convenient. The working method of the oxygen concentrator is similar to that of the sleep ventilator, but the design is slightly more complicated. It will actively filter the indoor air and then introduce it into your respiratory tract through a hose. The air provided by the oxygen concentrator Pure oxygen with a purity of 87% to 93% can be transported in two ways: continuous air flow (continuous flow) or a small amount of measurable amount (pulse flow). The oxygen principle of household oxygen production mechanism is: molecular sieve principle; The principle of polymer oxygen-enriched membrane; the principle of water electrolysis; the principle of oxygen production by chemical reaction. The molecular sieve oxygen generator is the only mature oxygen generator with international and national standards.
Nowadays, people’s life and work pressure has increased. With the accelerated pace of life, many middle-aged and elderly people, pregnant women, white-collar workers, and people with chronic diseases such as respiratory failure and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will have an increased demand for oxygen. In addition, workers who suffer from lung function damage due to work-related injuries and have difficulty breathing and need long-term oxygen inhalation, such as patients with pneumoconiosis, are also suitable for household oxygen concentrators. By inhaling oxygen, the body’s metabolism can be improved, the arterial blood oxygen partial pressure and oxygen saturation level can be fully increased, and various symptoms caused by hypoxia can be corrected. It has a positive role in adjuvant therapy for many chronic diseases, so that the body can maintain a A relatively good steady state can better improve the quality of life. The negative effect of excessive oxygen inhalation, pure oxygen inhalation can cause poisoning. In addition, excessive oxygen inhalation can also promote life aging.
How to choose an oxygen concentration? First look at the brand. Big brands not only have more advanced oxygen production technology, but also have a complete after-sales service system, which makes the use more secure. Secondly, look at the technology. The molecular sieve technology is adopted, which has the characteristics of high oxygen concentration, so that the elderly can enjoy continuous and stable high-quality oxygen supply. Finally, let’s look at the noise. For technical reasons, the domestic oxygen generator cannot be silent when it is working. Most of them have the sound of solenoid valve switching and molecular sieve exhausting nitrogen. Generally, oxygen generators with high-quality compressors operate very quietly and generally have relatively low noise.
Maintenance of the oxygen generator. Regularly check the humidification water tank of a small household oxygen generator to clean up the dirt in the humidification water tank. Regularly check the compressor operating system of the small household oxygen concentrator to see if there is any leakage. Check the air drying system of a small household oxygen generator. Check whether the interface between the oxygen suction pipe and the oxygen outlet of the small household oxygen generator is aging and leaking. Check the atomizer of the small household oxygen generator to ensure that there is sufficient water inside, otherwise the oxygen produced is too dry, long-term inhalation of dry air or people who are sensitive to the respiratory tract will have a bad effect.
The transport chair is a very widely used tool, suitable for people with lower limb disabilities, hemiplegia, subthoracic paraplegia, and people with reduced mobility. As a caregiver, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of the transport chair and choose the most suitable transport chair and the correct way to use it.
Different specifications can be used by adults or children separately. To meet the needs of people with varying degrees of disability, the electric transport chair has various control methods. If the hand or forearm function is partially disabled, the electric transport chair can be operated by hand or forearm. The electric buttons or joysticks of this transport chair are very sensitive and can be used with the slightest touch of a finger or forearm. An electric transport chair with jaw manipulation is available for patients with complete loss of hand and forearm function.
There are also a variety of unique transport chairs for the specific needs of some disabled patients. Such as one-sided passive wheelchairs, unique transport chairs for toilet use, and some transport chairs with lifting devices
The frame, etc., can be folded for easy carrying and transportation. This is currently the most widely used at home and abroad. Depending on the seat width and height of the transport chair, it can be used by adults, teenagers, and children, and some transport chairs can be changed to more significant seatbacks and backrests to meet the growing needs of children. The armrests or footrest of the folding transport chair are removable.
The backrest can be tilted from vertical to horizontal. The footrest can also change the angle freely.
A particular transport chair is designed according to the game. It is lightweight and can run faster in outdoor applications. To reduce weight and use high-strength lightweight materials such as aluminum, some sports transport chairs can remove not only the armrests and footrests but also the handles of the backrest.
This is the best transport chair for others. The armrests can be fixed, open, or foldable, and the push-type transport chair is mainly used as a nursing chair.
DRAGON's best transport chair, also called patient care machine, paralysis patient care machine, rehabilitation walking aid, etc., is a mobile aid for the elderly, paralyzed patients, disabled people, semi-disabled people, people with reduced mobility and unable to care for themselves. It helps disabled people to shift, reduce the work intensity of nursing staff, and reduce the chance of injury during patient transfer.
The pushers on the head are interchangeable.
The best transport chair backrest can adjust the angle according to users' needs. It can be adjusted to a comfortable angle whether you take a bath, wash your hair, rest, or work.
The headrest can be adjusted to a comfortable use height according to the user's needs, and better head support makes it more comfortable.
The height of the armrest 3 gears is adjustable, and the lower gear is parallel to the seat cushion. Convenient for mobile users. The pinball and knob are fixed more firmly.
The cushion is filled with memory foam, and the front end is thickened to a certain extent to reduce the risk of slipping forward when users sit down and take a bath.
Enlarged toilet hole design, U-shaped side hole, leather sofa mother and child cushion, passive and not tired, waterproof and mildew proof, better cleaning, better care, more comfortable.
Foldable foot pedal, convenient and comfortable for various needs.
Four-wheel stabilizer with brakes, no need to inflate the wheels.
Pull out toilet bucket with lid, effectively prevent leakage.
Aluminum alloy pipe, moderate hardness and thickness, waterproof and not rusty.
1) People who have some mobility but are physically inconvenient need to use the best transport chair. The most common is hemiplegia caregivers with limited physical mobility on one side.
2) Rheumatism and rheumatoid cause joint deformation, especially in the morning, stiff joints, and difficulty getting up and squatting. In particular, people who also use squats are more suitable for mobile toilets.
3) Parkinson's disease caregivers are prone to falling due to tremors, paralysis, and unstable walking. Such caregivers are also more suitable for using mobile toilets next to the bed.
4) Elderly and weakened older adults need help from others to a large extent when moving, and it is more laborious to move. The best transport chair is very convenient for him.
5) The activity has no endurance, is not suitable for people doing a lot of activities, and is also ideal for using the best transport chair. For example, postoperative patients, after more extensive surgeries, patients with cardiac insufficiency may be asthmatic and unwell if they move a little and are not suitable to walk far to the bathroom. Moving has a significant impact on his heart function. If such a person is uncomfortable defecating while lying down, has some mobility, but does not have enough mobility, he can use the best transport chair next to the bed. During the acute onset of the disease, some monitoring leads or small pipes on the body will not be suitable for going to the bathroom.
6) End-of-life caregivers are frail, very serious, and unable to stay far from the bed.
7) Frequent urination at night. Some older adults often have frequent night urination. It is very inconvenient to get up at night and go to the bathroom. It may go several times a night, increasing the risk of falling and occurring at night.
8) People who need to develop excretion habits are people who adapt to mobile toilets.
9) In hospitals and intensive care units, rehabilitation after surgery, cardiac rehabilitation, or lung rehabilitation, unlike before a major surgery requiring rest, now advocates early getting out of bed activities when physical conditions permit. ICU will be equipped with some rehabilitation aids, including walking aids. Of course, there can also be the best transport chair next to the bed to encourage people to get out of bed Self-defecation at an early stage.
Get up: Some disabled, older adults don't want to lie in bed all the time. They can use the transport chair to get up and reduce bedsores.
Shifting: Help the elderly to move position, can be placed in wheelchairs, stools, and other places you want to go.
Toilet: You can use the transport chair to enter the toilet directly and place it in the bathroom.
Bathing: Use the best transport chair to push the elderly into the bathroom to take a bath.
Going out: When the elderly need to go out, they can use the best transport chair to enter the elevator, the entertainment room in the community.
Rehabilitation: Use the best transport chair to enter rehabilitation training, saving time, effort, and money.
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