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How to Use Ambulance Stretchers?

Views: 2     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-07-08      Origin: Site

1. Classification of ambulance stretchers

According to its structure, function and material characteristics, it can be divided into three categories: simple stretchers, general stretchers, and special purpose stretchers.

2. Principles of stretcher handling

Fast, timely, and correct. Improper ambulance stretchers from manufacturer handling can delay the time for the injured and sick to obtain further examination and treatment in a timely manner, and severe cases can worsen the condition and cause irreparable consequences.

During the handling process, the movement should be light, and unnecessary vibration should be minimized, so as not to increase the pain of the injured and sick.

3. Precautions before handling

1. Before carrying the wounded, check the vital signs and injury site of the wounded, focusing on whether the injured person has trauma to the head, spine, and chest, especially whether the cervical spine has been damaged.

2. The wounded must be properly handled. First of all, the respiratory tract of the wounded should be kept open, and then the injured part of the injured person should be stopped from bleeding, bandaged, and fixed in accordance with the technical operation specifications. It can only be moved after proper handling.

3. Do not carry personnel, stretchers, etc. when they are not properly prepared.

4. Observe the worsening condition of the wounded at any time during the handling process. Focus on breathing, mind, etc., and keep warm, but don't cover your head and face too tightly so as not to affect breathing. once

In the event of an emergency on the way, the handling should be stopped and emergency treatment should be carried out immediately.

5. At special sites, handling should be carried out according to special methods.

4. Key points to observe the condition during handling

1. Changes in the state of consciousness

2. Changes in respiratory pulse and vital signs

3. The extent of bleeding, etc.

4. Emergency treatment if necessary

5. Positions often used to carry the wounded

1. Supine position: This position can be used for all seriously injured people.

2. Side lying position: After eliminating the neck injury, the side lying position can be used for the wounded with impaired consciousness. To prevent food from being sucked into the trachea when the injured person vomits. When the injured person is lying on his side, a pillow can be placed on his neck to maintain a neutral position.

3. Semi-lying position: For wounded people with only chest injuries, breathing difficulties are often caused by chest pain, blood pneumothorax.

4. Sitting position: Suitable for patients with pleural effusion and heart failure.

6. How to carry patients with a universal stretcher

1. In general, let the wounded lie on their back or side and carry them on a stretcher.

2. Use a professional strap to fix the traumatist on the stretcher to prevent the injured person's limbs from sticking out of the stretcher.

3. When the stretcher is carried, the injured person's feet are in front and the head is behind, and the head is raised first, then the foot is lifted, and the foot is placed first when it is lowered, and the stretcher should be at a consistent pace. When lifting to a height, the injured person's head is facing forward and his feet are facing back (such as going up a step or crossing a bridge). The stretcher in front should lower the stretcher and raise the back so that the patient can stay level. The opposite is true when you step down the stairs.

4. When getting on the stretcher, the injured person should be on the head first and on the back of the foot.

5. Place the stretcher carrying the wounded on the stretcher truck and pull up and fix the protective rods on both sides.

7. Handling of critically injured persons

1. For acute patients, it is better to lie flat, so that the whole body can be stretched and the upper and lower limbs are straightened; according to different conditions, make some appropriate adjustments; for patients with high blood pressure and cerebral hemorrhage, the head can be properly raised to reduce blood flow to the head.

2. If you are unconscious, you can deflect your head to one side so that vomit or sputum dirt can flow out and not be inhaled.

3. Patients with traumatic bleeding in a state of shock can lower their heads appropriately.

4. For heart disease patients with heart failure and difficulty breathing, they can take a sitting position to make breathing smoother.


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