Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-09-28 Origin: Site
People will inevitably suffer from accidental falls in their normal lives, what happens after a fall? How to determine whether the fracture? Accidental falls should be how to deal with correctly? Here is a detailed introduction.
In the case of arterial bleeding, the bleeding is particularly rapid in the form of jets, and can be life-threatening in a short period of time; venous bleeding, such as spring-like, is the second most dangerous; and in the case of capillary haemorrhage, the blood seeps out slowly, and the amount of bleeding is usually not much.
Regardless of which type of bleeding, need to quickly stop bleeding, you can use a clean dressing compression hemostasis, try not to use wires, ropes and other bundling hemostasis, to avoid improper operation leading to limb ischaemia necrosis.
Keep reminding that in the early stage of injury, it is not recommended to relieve the pain locally by rubbing, because rubbing the bleeding area before the bleeding stops will further aggravate the bleeding. In addition, if there is a fracture, random pressure and kneading will make the fracture displacement, may damage the local blood vessels and nerves and internal organs, causing complications.
Topical safflower oil is also not recommended in the early stages of an injury. Early on, cold compresses can be used to constrict blood vessels and promote haemostasis. 2-3 days later, hot compresses can be used to promote the reduction of swelling, and 3 days later, safflower oil and other types of topical medicines can be used.
For those who have suffered a mild fall injury on one side of the limb without fracture, after the acute stage, they can promote recovery by moving the limb, which can be combined with external application, oral administration of medication that activates blood circulation and removes blood stasis, and combination of localised hot amniotic packs, external application, massage, acupuncture and other Chinese medicine special physiotherapy, so as to promote faster recovery from muscular and soft tissue injuries.
In the process of moving the limbs to promote rehabilitation, it should also be noted that do not overdo the activities, should be gradual, control the amount of exercise; at the same time, do a good job of protection, to avoid secondary injuries; to listen to the doctor's advice, to master the correct scientific movement essentials, in order to get twice the result with half the effort.
Judging from the symptoms that manifest after an injury, a fracture is usually followed by pain, swelling, and dysfunction in movement. In addition to this, there are several characteristics of fractures, such as deformity, bone rubbing sound and abnormal activity.
Dr Kuang Tao, Associate Chief Physician, suggests that going to the hospital for a radiograph can be a clearer and more intuitive way to determine whether there is a fracture. You can't judge whether there is a fracture by the level of pain, because some muscle breaks and injuries are very painful; while some fractures, such as embedded, compression fractures or bone fractures without displacement, the pain is not obvious.
In the face of fracture patients, the first thing to do is to fix the fracture site, you can place a layer of soft cushion or cotton cloth on the fixed site to avoid further compression, and then you can apply ice locally, and if there is bleeding, you have to stop the bleeding by compression, and observe the changes of the condition closely.
If the fracture is open, try to use clean cloth to fix it, and keep the wound clean. If the swelling of the limb is serious, the affected limb should be elevated after temporary immobilisation. Do not blindly reset the injured person to avoid secondary injury. Finally, transfer the injured person to the hospital as soon as possible.
To deal with a fracture of the forearm or wrist, a sling can be made from a towel or clean fabric to keep the affected limb stable, and an ice pack, if available, can be placed next to the injured area to relieve pain and inhibit haematoma.
To manage an ankle fracture, the leg on the injured side should be elevated and an ice pack placed on the ankle to help constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding.
For finger fractures, make a simple splint with a pen or chopstick and secure it with a wrap of cloth.
If the fracture patient is a child, it should be noted that the patient should not rely too much on self-conservative treatment, and special attention should be paid to observing the condition of the patient to avoid its side effects on the growth and development of the child; and due to the nature of the child's mobility, it is necessary to strictly protect the fracture site by applying protective brakes and fixation with appropriate tightness and looseness.
For the elderly, osteoporosis should be taken into account, and treatment of osteoporosis should be supplemented with the treatment of fractures; secondly, venous thrombosis should be guarded against after fixation and braking of fractures, especially in the lower limbs.
Wear sports shoes with good non-slip properties, soft soles, good breathability and appropriate size;
Do stretching exercises for the shoulder joints, waist, knee joints, ankle joints and other major motor muscle groups before exercise;
Avoid excessive exercise intensity and the duration of a workout should not be too long;
Not exercising on hard, cluttered grounds;
Home hygiene to install handrails and keep the floor clean and dry to avoid slipping;
Home can be installed night light, to avoid falling at night to see clearly.
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